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Oct
31

How to connect in series ?

Posted under HHO Cell How To, HHO Cell Technicals by admin

This article talks about how to connect Mason Jar type HHO Cells

If you want to connect 2 or more Dry Cells, or any HHO cell using plates as electrodes, this article is not for you, refer to this article : How to connect HHO Cells parallel or refer to the manual that came with your Dry Cell.

For your information, Dry Cells are to be connected in parallel rather than serie : + on + & – on – …. Easy as your ABC !

Ok, that being said, let’s talk about how to connect Mason Jar type cells :

First a few tips to remember:


* Remember that the amperage in “hot” conditions from your HHO Cell is higher than the one in cold :

If you measure the amperage cold, one must imagine that when your HHO generator will have been running half an hour or more, it will be hotter and amperage will have increased considerably, often around 50%!. That is to say : if you have 4 amps cold, you’ll have about 6 hot …. Quite important if you don’t want water to boil….

* Do not exceed 4 amps/cell current consumption for Mason Jar type  HHO Cell. Tresspassing this is a potential overheating risk  that could damage the cell and possibly your engine. If you own a different HHO Cell (ie dry cell ) carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions about it.

* Always prefer low amps soluce. One should always prefer an installation with two cells’ pulling 4 amps total (2/Cell ) rather than 1 single cell drawing 4 amps, your installation will run with a lower temp, and your electrodes life will be significantly longer

* When you add the electrolyte:

1 Always add small quantity, preferably ½ teaspoon.
2 Check amps with an ammeter to make sure not to exceed 4 amps per cell
3 Always use the manufacturer’s recommended electrolyte for your cell
4 Newbies are very often using baking soda as an electrolyte, great way to learn ! But compensation is to drain and replace your water / electrolyte every 1000 to 3000 km. The more amps, the more often you’ll have to change (1000 km) your mix.  See here other electrolytes you can use

* Remember always that using HHO gas, you became a pioneer in fuel burn, bravo!  The planet and your wallet are thanking you!
But BEWARE, that also means you are left to yourself, industrialization policy has not yet been through this, you are in an area with no rules and no established laws. Therefore caution be preferred in any circumstance

* Remind yourself that the HHO gas is highly flammable and electrolysis that involves chemical reactions. So unless you’re a chemist High flying: Do not play the little budding chemist!

If you want to learn more about how to determine the HHO production needed for your vehicle, you can read this article http://www.hhocellcarkits.com/hho-cell-technicals/how-much-hho-output-for-maximised-savings

Well, that being said, let’s head on over the assembly of several HHO Cells in series :

Series HHO Cell Car Kits Connection

Series HHO Cell Car Kits Connection

In the diagram we have chosen to connect the cells by pairs, the example shows 3X2 cells but the arrangement is the same for 2 or 2×2 cells.

Primary effect when choosing a series connection by pairs is to decrease the voltage to 6 volts in each cell. This is not a problem since electrolysis requires only 2 volts.
You can mount as many cells as you want while respecting the limits described in this article: http://www.hhocellcarkits.com/hho-cell-technicals/how-much-hho-output-for-maximised-savings

According to users testimony, connecting in series reduces the voltage and, again according to users testimony, thereby reduce the heating of water & eventual steaming. It’s a safer way to run your HHO Car

However be aware that : a series circuit will reduce the overall amperage consistently, you’ll be forced to double or triple the dose of bicarbonate or other electrolyte you use. Try to remember if you switch back to a single cell or a parallel connection…. Otherwise it could seriously boil in there!

You should also know: the series circuit by 3 or more HHO Cells is not recommended and you’ll notice right away yourself that this is not a good idea, Because the amperage decreases so much that it goes on almost nothing! So always 2 or 2X2 or 3X2, as in the picture.

If you have 3 cells to connect, you will of course find difficult to mount them in pairs … .. And a 3 Series, as stated above, it is not profitable. You can then opt for a parallel connection, it poses no problem when being reasonable on each cell amperage (3 to 3.5 amps when cold ) . Nothing more simple than a parallel connection: + on + & – on – ….. I’ll make you a drawing when I have time, or a small video!

– The advantage of parallel connection is that you do not increase the electrolyte dose, if you have 3 cells that draw 3 amps each, mounted in parallel will consume …? Won! 9 Amps in full. We have seen that the calculation is not as simple with a serial connection.

– The disadvantage is that you keep a voltage of 12 volts in each cell, which predisposes you to more easily overheat when overdosing electrolyte.

So to summarize : it is better to avoid odd numbers of Mason Jar HHO cells.  And if you need more than 2 or 3 cells of this type, you may consider to opt for a Dry Cell, which takes less space and cost not much more  than 3 or 4 jars.

Let’s continue on:


Start by finding a place and fix your additional cells next to your first cell. Then two things are to be changed : the electrical connection and vacuum system.
Nessecary stuff is usually supplied with the first cell and the additional cell.

ELECTRICITY:

On the “old” cell, disconnect the cable from the black terminal (ground) and reconnect it to the black terminal of the new cell.
Then connect the small red ( or whatever ) cable link supplied with the additional cell: one end to the black terminal of your first cell, and the other end on the red terminal of the new cell.

You just plug in your cells “in series”. 6 volts are now distributed to each cell.

VACUUM SYSTEM:

Use the  T fittings supplied with your first cell and/or with additional cells for connecting all your cells.
If you install more than 2 additional cells it will be necessary to use a manifold …………………. to connect all cells together and then directs the HHO gas to the engine’s air intake.
Always keep check valve between the cells and engine. A single valve on the main hose is sufficient.

Where to find spare parts?


Listed below sites offer an interesting selection of parts, which can enable you to supplement or customize your installation.

Greentechexpress
WalkingEagleSolution
HHOxygen
HHO KitsDirect

Happy install everybody !

Christian, Your Brother In HHO.

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